Bonsai is a dwarfed tree growing in a tray or a pot. "Bon" means tray or pot in Japanese; "sai" means to plant; therefore bonsai means literally planted in a tray. It is an art of dwarfing trees or plants and developing them into an aesthetically appearing shape by growing pruning and training them in a container according to a precribed technique.
Bonsai are not special plants but rather ordinary plants grown in a special way. A bonsai "tree" can be made of almost any woody plant material, including trees, shrubs or vines. Species with small leaves and are tolerant to heavy pruning are considered desirable as bonsai material.
Bonsai-making is an interesting hobby or even a profession. For plant propagators/gardeners it may be an additional source of income aside from the personal satisfaction they experience. For in this issue of RISE, we are providing you important information on the species popularly used as bonsai material.