A Research Compendium of Rehabilitation Strategies for Mining and Volcanic Debris-laden Areas
Purpose of the Compendium
This compendium is intended to provide the necessary information and technologies using plant species for vegetative restoration, as well as other engineering strategies, and their combinations or mixes that can be adopted to ensure success in rehabilitation works.
The data were gathered from various research outputs, published articles and journals, as well as from documented experiences that have showed positive results. When research literature were still found fragmentary, the research team (comprised of ERDB and regional research counterparts) supplemented their research data from various regulatory and research institutions and integrated R & D related subject matters to form science-based protocols for rehabilitation. This compendium hopes to provide several potential strategies to choose from that would suit specific conditions of damaged areas.
The contents of the compendium include the status of Philippine mining industry, description of marginal sites, site characterization assessment and problem diagnosis, rehabilitation measures and/or technologies for mining and volcanic debris-laden areas.
In the Appendices, common plant species for mining area rehabilitation were categorized into tables. Each species was described morphologically and characterized according to its site requirements, needed amelioration, control measures for pest and diseases, and planting strategies. The complete information of the species have been presented in a matrix form (template) for easy reference. Information on several bioengineering strategies to choose from were also provided for areas where vegetative measures would not be sufficient.
It is envisioned that this compendium will be of valuable application to the mining industry, watershed development, vegetation of denuded areas, restoration of places affected by natural disasters such as volcanic ash-laden areas, landslide areas and the like. The target clients and users of this publication will be those who are involved and engaged in rehabilitation work as mandated by environmental law and in compliance with the provision of the Philippine Mining Act of 1995.
Furthermore, it is hoped that end-users of the compendium will find it as a useful guide in various stages of rehabilitation, reclamation and restoration of disturbed sites into, at least, a more productive if not in its original state. Likewise, may this compendium, with its assemblage of knowledge and practices, fit well into the need for rehabilitation measures that will minimize the cost of rather expensive rehabilitation works.
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