ferd

The FOREST ECOSYSTEMS RESEARCH DIVISION (FERD) plans, formulates, coordinates and monitors RDE PAPs related to the conservation and sustainable management of production and protection forests, upland farms, and grasslands, including rehabilitation of mining and degraded areas. It conducts basic researches and develops standards and protocols on said areas of concerns and assists in the technology assessment, integration and packaging. FERD also develops, improves, and recommend policies and guidelines for sustainable management of forest ecosystem.

FERD has three component sections as follows:

  • Forests R&D Section
  • Mining, Degraded Areas and Grassland R&D Section
  • Upland Farms R&D Section

 

For 2015, FERD implements four projects under the R&D Program on Forest Ecosystems Resiliency and Sustainability with the aim of ensured sustainable management of environment and natural resources (timber, non-timber, and water) and effective and efficient management system addressing degraded areas.

 

Project 1: Forests Vulnerability and Risk Assessments (2015-2018)

The project addresses the adverse effects of natural and anthropogenic hazards or environmental vulnerability/ issues to the natural and plantation forests. The generation of research-based information and their synthesis for development of process or tool is necessary to enhance ENR risk assessment process. Some of the priority researchable areas include:

  1. Vulnerability assessment of selected watersheds in the Philippines to climate change
  2. Formulation of environmental flow procedure and criteria for water allocation
  3. Determination of biomass and carbon sequestration using Remote Sensing
  4. Development of a geo-spatial database management system for completed vulnerability assessment projects
  5. National survey and Integrated Pest Management development of important forest tree pests 
  6. Enhancement of tool on species-site compatibility
  7. Profile of IAS for forest ecosystem in relation to local biodiversity; and
  8. Carrying capacity for different resources in forest ecosystem

 

 

Cross-section measurement of main tributary of Cadaclan River in Vintar Watershed, Ilocos Norte

 

 

 

 

 

A map of Vintar River System, Ilocos Norte

 

 

Project 2: Genetic Improvement of Forest Tree Species for Quality Wood Production (2012-present)

Knowledge on forest tree genetic resources is an important tool for improving the survival and growth of planting stocks, design and planning genetic conservation programs and improving species thru a breeding program. The project of Forest Tree Improvement basically would ensure a sustained supply of genetically improved planting stocks of priority forest tree species to meet the greater goal of meeting the country’s need for wood, pulp, resin, fuelwood, planting stocks for the immediate rehabilitation of degraded forests lands including mined-out areas, biodiversity conservation and in support to the National Greening Program and future forestation programs.

 

 

Micropropagation of bagras (Eucalyptus deglupta): (a) Continuous culturing of bagras at the laboratory and (b) Tissue-cultured bagras plants at the nursery

 

 

Three (3) months old Bitaog (Calophyllum inophyllum) seedlings with different treatments of soil amendments

 

 

 

Mist-type propagation chamber for the study on macropropagation techniques

 

 

 

Cuttings of Bignai lalaki Antidesma bunius inside a non-mist propagation chamber

 

 

Project 3: Rehabilitation and Restoration of Degraded Areas (2015-present)

 

Standard procedures based on scientifically–based approaches to back up rehabilitation and restoration of degraded/ marginal areas including grasslands and mined-out areas continue to be wanting. This sub-program shall cover generation of science-based information and development of technologies and indicators, combined with verification of available potential technologies/ tool for the assessment and rehabilitation of degraded areas. Under this sub-program priority concerns are:

  1. Criteria/indicators in assessing degraded areas;
  2.  Rehabilitation strategies/ technologies for degraded grasslands, large-scale mined out areas and small-scale mining areas
  3. Current monitoring and evaluation system for environmentally critical projects; and
  4. Carrying capacity of grasslands/ pasturelands.
  5. Biological analysis, with an assessment and mapping of physical flows of forest ecosystem services;
  6. Economic analysis, where economic valuation of the services will be performed; and
  7. Policy analysis, where results of the biophysical and economic analysis will be synthesized and discussed.

                                                            

Project 4: Forest Ecosystems Services and Resources Valuation (2015-present)

            

Quantitative estimation of natural capital values and associated environmental goods and services in upland areas using sound methodologies will be the coverage of this sub-program. The importance of determining the accounts of stocks in a given area will build on previous efforts to identify and prioritize environmental resources values held by the public. The research outputs will provide a starting point to develop more holistic economic information that will contribute to policy and management decisions.

The components of this sub-program are:

 

  1. Biological analysis, with an assessment and mapping of physical flows of forest ecosystem services;
  2. Economic analysis, where economic valuation of the services will be performed; and
  3. Policy analysis, where results of the biophysical and economic analysis will be synthesized and discussed.