czferd

The Coastal Zone and Freshwater Ecosystems Research Division(CZFERD) formulates and implements research and development programs to generate basic information and technologies for the proper utilization, protection, rehabilitation and management of mangrove forests and estuarine areas, marine and seagrass resources and freshwater ( lotic and lentic) resources with emphasis on the enhancement of the ecosystems that they comprise.

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Fig. 1. Office of the Chief, CZFERD

CZFERD has three sections. TheMangrove and Beach Forest Research & Development Section develops technologies for the proper protection, rehabilitation and management of mangrove and beach areas as well as methods for sustainable production of mangrove resources.

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Fig. 2. Mangrove and Beach Forest Section

The Marine Research & Development Sectiondevelops technologies for the proper utilization, production, rehabilitation and management of marineresources such as seagrass and coral reefs.

marine-roomFig. 4. Marine  R&D Section

The Inland &Freshwater Research & Development Section generates technologies for the protection, conservation and wise utilization of  freshwater lakes, natural and man-made ponds and water impounding areas, swamps and other related standing water areas.rIt also includes the wise utilization of running water such as streams, rivers and springs.

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Fig. 3. Inland and Freshwater Section

 

CZFERD has both regular and project staff with diverse specialization. As regards to the manpower development of the Division’s technical staff, two (2) of its junior staff are pursuing a PhD degree program in the field of Marine Biology and Forestry. In addition, both regular and project staff participate in various local workshops, fora and seminars. Such activities serve as venue for the staff to exchange, interact and establish linkages with other research institutions.The division also evaluates regional research programs (projects, proposals, terminal reports, articles, etc.) and provide related technical assistance from various clients (students, research institutions, SUCs, NGOs, GOs, etc.) on issues and concerns related to coastal and freshwater zones and the adverse effect of climate change.

With respect to R & D programs, the Division spearheads the implementation of Action R&D Program on Ecosystems Dynamics and Sustainable Management of Coastal and Freshwater Ecosystems. This program has three main (3) projects with eight (8) research studies/components.  

Project 1 titled Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation in Coastal and Marine Ecosystems deals on determining the vulnerability of coastal and marine ecosystems and developing strategies to increase resilience of coastal and marine ecosystems to the impacts of climate change.Under Project 1, two (2) studies are being implemented. These are Climate change vulnerability assessment of coastal and marine areas in priority watersheds and Dynamics of human settlement and migration patterns in vulnerable coastal areas within priority watersheds.

1.1 Climate change vulnerability assessment of coastal and marine areas in priority watersheds

1.2 Dynamics of human settlement and migration patterns in vulnerable coastal areas within priority watersheds

Project 2 which is “Bioecological Profiling of Mangroves in Relation to Climate Change has two (2) studies, namely, Sediment accretion, carbon stock accumulation, and greenhouse gas fluxes in Philippine mangroves forests and Biodiversity assessment and monitoring of selected natural and mangrove plantations in Region IV-A,These are packaged to increase the effectiveness of mangrove conservation within the Philippines by identifying mangroves that may be more resilient to the impacts of global climate change

2.1 Sediment accretion, carbon stock accumulation, and greenhouse gas fluxes in Philippine mangroves forests.

The study, which aims to quantify sediment accretion rates, carbon pools and greenhouse gas (GHG) fluxes in varying ages of mangrove stands, started its implementation this January 2015 with funding from ERDB and in cooperation and collaboration with US Forestry Service – Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry (USFS-IPIF).

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Fig.___ Natural and plantation (5-, 10-, and 25- year old) mangrove sites in Pagbilao and Catanauan, Quezon.

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Fig. ___Collection of greenhouse gas (CO2, CH4 and N2O) at mangrove study sites using LiCor-8100A for analysis using gas chromatopgraphy

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Fig.___Collection of soil samples using a corer subject to Pb-210 analysis through α-spectrometric method

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Fig.___ Installation of Rod Surface Elevation Table (RSET) at study sites to determine accretion/erosion rates of sediments

 

2.2 Biodiversity assessment and monitoring of selected natural and mangrove plantations in Region IV-A.

 

For 2015, CZFERD implements this study with the aim of determining the biodiversity status as well as the present utilization of mangrove resources in Pagbilao Experimental Mangrove Forest (PMEF) and Catanauan mangrove plantation. The gathered data will be of use in the preparation of a comprehensive management of mangrove resources in Pagbilao Mangrove Experimental Forest and Catanauan mangrove plantation.

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Fig.____Morphological features of supposed hybrid of Rhizophora (R. x lamarckii) found in the Catanauan, Quezon study site.

 

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Fig.____Morphological features of supposed hybrid of Rhizophora (R. x lamarckii) found in the Catanauan, Quezon study site.

 

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Fig___Focus Group Discussion (FGD) conducted in barangay hall of Brgy. Matandang Sabang Kanluran, Catanuan, Quezon.

For Project 3, titled, “Improving Sustainability of Freshwater Ecosystems”the four (4) studies are:1)Assessment of Environmental Impacts of Invasive Alien Species on Freshwater Ecosystems; 2) Identification of Biological Indicators for Water Quality;  (3) Development of Management Strategies for Peatlandand 4)Removing Barriers to Invasive Species Management in Production and Protection in Southeast Asia.This project aims to develop conservation and management strategies and draw policy recommendations for the sustainable utilization and protection of biological resources in coastal and freshwater ecosystems in response to widespread and alarming coastal and freshwater degradation.

 

3.1  Assessment of Environmental Impacts of Invasive Alien Species on Freshwater Ecosystems

 

 

            Due to increasing number of introduced species posing threats to freshwater ecosystems and its native biota, this study has been undertaken since 2014 and will be completed in December 2015. In general,the project aims to determine the environmental impacts of IAS on major rivers and lakes in the country and to assess the environmental costs of their presence in freshwater ecosystems.

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Fig.___(Left) Interview with Lake Buhi respondent regarding Freshwater IAS awareness (Right) Photodocumentation in Taal Lake

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Fig.___(Left) Gut content of Buring collected from Taal Lake (Right) Sardinella tawilis gathered from Taal Lake

3.2  Identification of Biological Indicators for Water Quality

 

            In an effort to improve the assessment of aquatic environment, CZFERD initiated the study that identifies the biological indicators of water quality. To complement the usual methods of physico-chemical analyses of environmental quality and to arrive at a more holistic analysis of water quality,biological characterization thru biological indicators and biotic indeces is envisaged to serve as an effective tool toward an improved water quality management.

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Fig.___(Left) In-situ water quality assessment in Pula River, Oriental Mindoro (Right) Macroinvertebrate collection in Pula River, Oriental Mindoro 

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Fig.____ (Left) Processing of plankton samples (Right) Plankton identification

3.3       Development of Management Strategies for Peatland 

In an attempt to strengthen the conservation of remaining peatland swamps in terms of biodiversity, carbon content and water resources in support to ASEAN peatland management Initiatives (APMI), this study was undertaken in 2014 and shall be completed in 2016. 

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3.4 Removing Barriers to Invasive Species Management in Production and Protection in Southeast Asia

 

            This study funded by CABI-IAS aims to determine the appropriate control measure and habitat restoration protocol for an invasive species, P. aduncum (buyo-buyo). The study was launched in 2013 and will be completed this December 2015.

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Fig.__Pilot site before and after treatment application located at Brgy. Lamlahak, Lake Sebu, South Cotabato

 

MANGROVE AND BEACH FOREST DEVELOPMENT PROJECT 2015

 

With the intent to develop and rehabilitate mangrove and beach forest in disaster-affected areas as a means to improve and enhance the natural defenses and resilience of the country’s coastlines and its environs vis-à-vis the impacts of climate change, the Division likewise embarks on a newly approved, science based  Mangrove and Beach Forest Development Project (MBFDP) which is being implemented in areas affected by Typhoon Yolanda and other disasters (e.g. siege and earthquake) that hit several regions in the country.

 

The project is being implemented in 9 regions (Region 4A & B, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 ,10, 11 and 13) with target of 50,000 hectares under the Government’s Rehabilitation and Reconstruction Program for Disaster-affected areas pursuant to the Special Provision of FY 2014 General Appropriation Act (RA No. 10633) under Section XIV.

 

The expected outputs of the project are as follows:

 

  1. For the MBFDP to hit 50,000 ha of mangroves and beach forest developed, planted, and /or enriched   from the initial target of 27,400 ha following the prescribed ERDB Techno bulletin on MBFD.
  2. Baseline Site Assessment Report on the status of mangrove and beach forest environment in the DENR project sites and vicinities prior to MBFDP;
  3. Trained P.O. and Community members on MBFD particularly  on nursery seedling production, plantation development  and monitoring protocols for out-planted mangrove and beach seedlings;
  4. Research data on  nursery performance of different mangrove species and growth and survival of mangroves under different climatic regimes; and
  5. Lessons learned in the implementation of MBFDP as basis for identifying linkages and livelihood options to sustain MBFD.

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Fig.__Macrobenthic sampling sampling in Negros Oriental

 

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Fig.__Avifaunal assessment of beach forest                                       Fig.__ Assessment of pests and diseases

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Fig.__Spatial assessment                                                                Fig.__ Determination of socio-economic status through surveys