- Mangrove and Beach Forest Research & Development Section
- Marine Research and Development Section
- Inland and Freshwater Research and Development Section
With respect to R&D programs, the division spearheads the implementation of Action R&D Program on Ecosystems Dynamics and Sustainable Management of Coastal and Freshwater Ecosystems. This program has three main (3) projects with eight (8) research studies/components.
Project 1: Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation in Coastal and Marine Ecosystems
The project deals on determining the vulnerability of coastal and marine ecosystems and developing strategies to increase resilience of coastal and marine ecosystems to the impacts of climate change. Under Project 1, two (2) studies are being implemented. These are Climate change vulnerability assessment of coastal and marine areas in priority watersheds and Dynamics of human settlement and migration patterns in vulnerable coastal areas within priority watersheds.
1.1 Climate change vulnerability assessment of coastal and marine areas in priority watersheds
1.2 Dynamics of human settlement and migration patterns in vulnerable coastal areas within priority watersheds
Project 2: Bioecological Profiling of Mangroves in Relation to Climate Change
The project has two (2) studies, namely, Sediment accretion, carbon stock accumulation, and greenhouse gas fluxes in Philippine mangroves forests, and Biodiversity assessment and monitoring of selected natural and mangrove plantations in Region IV-A,These are packaged to increase the effectiveness of mangrove conservation within the Philippines by identifying mangroves that may be more resilient to the impacts of global climate change
2.1 Sediment accretion, carbon stock accumulation, and greenhouse gas fluxes in Philippine mangroves forests.
The study, which aims to quantify sediment accretion rates, carbon pools and greenhouse gas (GHG) fluxes in varying ages of mangrove stands, started its implementation this January 2015 with funding from ERDB and in cooperation and collaboration with US Forestry Service – Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry (USFS-IPIF).
2.2 Biodiversity assessment and monitoring of selected natural and mangrove plantations in Region IV-A.
For 2015, CZFERD implemented this study with the aim of determining the biodiversity status as well as the present utilization of mangrove resources in Pagbilao Experimental Mangrove Forest (PMEF) and Catanauan mangrove plantation. The gathered data will be of use in the preparation of a comprehensive management of mangrove resources in Pagbilao Mangrove Experimental Forest and Catanauan mangrove plantation.
Project 3: Improving Sustainability of Freshwater Ecosystems
The project has four (4) studies namely, Assessment of Environmental Impacts of Invasive Alien Species on Freshwater Ecosystems; Identification of Biological Indicators for Water Quality; Development of Management Strategies for Peatland, and; Removing Barriers to Invasive Species Management in Production and Protection in Southeast Asia. This project aims to develop conservation and management strategies and draw policy recommendations for the sustainable utilization, and protection of biological resources in coastal and freshwater ecosystems in response to widespread and alarming coastal and freshwater degradation.
3.1 Assessment of Environmental Impacts of Invasive Alien Species on Freshwater Ecosystems
Due to an increasing number of introduced species posing threats to freshwater ecosystems and its native biota, this study has been undertaken since 2014 and will be completed in December 2015. In general,the project aims to determine the environmental impacts of IAS on major rivers and lakes in the country and to assess the environmental costs of their presence in freshwater ecosystems.
3.2 Identification of Biological Indicators for Water Quality
In an effort to improve the assessment of aquatic environment, CZFERD initiated the study that identifies the biological indicators of water quality. To complement the usual methods of physico-chemical analyses of environmental quality and to arrive at a more holistic analysis of water quality,biological characterization thru biological indicators and biotic indeces is envisaged to serve as an effective tool toward an improved water quality management.
3.3 Development of Management Strategies for Peatland
In an attempt to strengthen the conservation of remaining peatland swamps in terms of biodiversity, carbon content and water resources in support to ASEAN peatland management Initiatives (APMI), this study was undertaken in 2014 and shall be completed in 2016.
3.4 Removing Barriers to Invasive Species Management in Production and Protection in Southeast Asia
This study funded by CABI-IAS aims to determine the appropriate control measure and habitat restoration protocol for an invasive species, P. aduncum(buyo-buyo). The study was launched in 2013 and will be completed this December 2015.
MANGROVE AND BEACH FOREST DEVELOPMENT PROJECT 2015
With the intent to develop and rehabilitate mangrove and beach forest in disaster-affected areas as a means to improve and enhance the natural defenses and resilience of the country’s coastlines and its environs vis-à-vis the impacts of climate change, the division likewise embarks on a newly approved, science based Mangrove and Beach Forest Development Project (MBFDP) which is being implemented in areas affected by Typhoon Yolanda and other disasters (e.g. siege and earthquake) that hit several regions in the country.
The project is being implemented in 9 regions (Region 4A & B, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 ,10, 11 and 13) with target of 50,000 hectares under the Government’s Rehabilitation and Reconstruction Program for Disaster-affected areas pursuant to the Special Provision of FY 2014 General Appropriation Act (RA No. 10633) under Section XIV.
The expected outputs of the project are as follows:
- For the MBFDP to hit 50,000 ha of mangroves and beach forest developed, planted, and /or enriched from the initial target of 27,400 ha following the prescribed ERDB Techno bulletin on MBFD.
- Baseline Site Assessment Report on the status of mangrove and beach forest environment in the DENR project sites and vicinities prior to MBFDP;
- Trained P.O. and Community members on MBFD particularly on nursery seedling production, plantation development and monitoring protocols for out-planted mangrove and beach seedlings;
- Research data on nursery performance of different mangrove species and growth and survival of mangroves under different climatic regimes; and
- Lessons learned in the implementation of MBFDP as basis for identifying linkages and livelihood options to sustain MBFD.